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Water and the History of China

Social Sciences in China

Vol. 39, No. 1, 2018

 

SPECIAL ISSUE: GLOBAL “NEW HISTORY” AND THE PRACTICE OF HISTORY IN CHINA

 

Water and the History of China

(Abstract)

 

Li Bozhong

 

Water is the source of all life, and is closely related to human civilization. It had a special significance in China, so the ancient Chinese created the dragon god as a symbol of China, the Chinese and Chinese civilization. It can be said that the unique hydrological conditions on the territory of China created three great historical miracles: China, the Chinese people, and Chinese civilization. The Chinese have dedicated more effort than people in any other countries to water control and water use in order to make effective use of water resources and prevent flooding. It is their unparalleled achievements that have laid the foundation for these three miracles. Today, the Chinese people are facing unprecedented challenges in water control and water use. Exploring the historical Chinese relationship with water offers a good opportunity to understand the important role that water plays in long-term social development.

 

Keywords: water, history, China, Chinese people, Chinese civilization