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| 2018-09-14
(Chinese Social Sciences Today)

This character often refers to a river or a canal. Since mountains and rivers are quite common in a country, the word shan he or jiang shan (mountains and rivers) usually represent a country or a state. Sometimes, Chinese use the proverb da hao he shan (beautiful rivers and mountains) to describe their beloved motherland. In addition, he frequently appears in Chinese literature or paintings as a symbol of vitality, because rivers run ceaselessly.