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| 2017-04-18 | Hits:
(Chinese Social Sciences Today)

ECONOMY

China should have greater voice in industrial chain

Chinese companies should strive for a greater voice in upgrading the global industrial chain by means of accumulating knowledge and fostering ability, said Rui Mingjie, director of the Department of Industrial Economics at the School of Management of Fudan University at a symposium on China’s new industries, models and momentum. Commenting on ways to transform growth patterns and promote innovation in industrial development, he suggested China should upgrade its factor endowment level by establishing an industrial division system that fully utilizes China’s comparative advantages. In addition, China should establish a market basis for a new type of industrial system and structure through regional integration, reducing the resource dispersion and market segmentation that obstructs the formation of a favorable environment for industrial transformation and upgrading, he said.    


CULTURE

Relationship between poetry, etiquette to be explored

The culture of poetry and etiquette has tremendous space for study and further interpretation, said Han Jingtai, a professor of Chinese literature from Beijing Language and Culture University, at a recent forum on poetry and etiquette. The Zhou people combined poetry and etiquette in the early Western Zhou Dynasty (1046-771 BCE), and later, ordinary people began to receive education on poetry, etiquette and music when private schools emerged in the late Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BCE), said Shao Bingjun, director of the Center on the Culture of Poetry and Etiquette. As access to education expanded from the aristocracy to the general public, the tradition of poetry and etiquette also became integrated into the daily lives of ordinary people, he said. The passing down of the principles of poetry and etiquette as a family tradition thus became a significant means of preserving cultural legacies, he added.   

 

ARCHAEOLOGY

Ancient city discovered in western Gobi desert

Researchers from the Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region recently discovered ruins of an ancient city on the northern bank of Kongque (Peacock) River in the Lop Nor Desert. Hu Xingjun, an associate research fellow from the institute, said carbon dating of the red willow branches and reeds found among the ruins suggests that the structure of the city wall is from the late period of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220) or early Wei and Jin dynasties (220-420). The site is about 60 kilometers to the northwest of the ruins of the Kingdom of Loulan. The kingdom was active on the ancient Silk Road, disappeared around the 6th century, and its ruins were discovered in 1900. The style and the way it was built as well as the surface relics suggest that this city fits the styles of the Loulan cities in the Western Han Dynasty, Hu said.      

 

Treasure legend verified by excavations

The discovery of more than 10,000 cultural relics that sank to the bottom of the Minjiang River in Sichuan Province 400 years ago has verified the legend of the “Sunken Treasure of Zhang Xianzhong.” The relics were unearthed during an excavation that began in January. The iron swords, spears and other weapons discovered offer evidence of an ancient battle in the legendary war between Zhang’s army and forces led by Yang Zhan, a general of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The excavation used innovative methods that will pave the way for future archaeological work in intertidal zones and buried sites underneath shoal waters. Zhang (1606-46) was a leader of a farmers’ uprising in the late Ming Dynasty. He captured Chengdu before declaring himself emperor in 1644.