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Weekly News Collection

| 2016-12-08 | Hits:
(Chinese Social Sciences Today)

REPORT

Surplus in domestic energy supply emerging
As economic growth slows down, China’s energy supply is undergoing a transition from shortage to surplus, and improving efficiency is the new priority of energy development, according to the 2016 China Energy Development Report released by the China Institute for Studies in Energy Policy (CISEP) at Xiamen University at the third Economics of Energy and Environment Symposium on Nov. 26 in Xiamen. Lin Boqiang, president of CISEP, said China’s energy consumption is concentrated in heavy industry, which was substantially affected by the nation’s destocking strategy. This trend, together with the present industrial structure and energy structure, makes the periodic fluctuation of energy demand more volatile, he said. The amount of energy demand depends on the scale and speed of infrastructure construction. Selectively constructing infrastructure will reduce wasted production capacity as well as help shift production capacity abroad, he said.    

 

Women face opportunities, challenges in labor market

Chinese women face new opportunities and challenges in the labor market as the nation makes progress toward gender equality, according to the China Labor Market Development Report 2016 released by the Center for Studies on the Labor Market at Beijing Normal University on Nov. 24 at the sixth China Labor Market Development Forum. Themed “Female Employment in the Process of Gender Equality,” the report analyzes the key features of Chinese women in the labor force and gives suggestions on policies to promote gender equality. The labor participation rate of women in China has declined, but it is still above the world average. Wages of female employees are generally lower than those of their male colleagues, but the gap is narrowing. The employment security system for women is gradually improving, while women in management still face a “glass ceiling” in terms of promotion.

 

VOICE
Archaeologist urges investigations before construction
The Urban Archaeology and Heritage Protection Symposium was held by the Guangzhou Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology on Nov. 26 in Guangzhou. Scholars suggested that disciplinary laws should be followed in urban archaeology so that the work does not take a backseat to the practical needs of urban construction. Hang Kan, dean of the School of Archaeology and Museology at Peking University, said the construction of subways in a city where ancient and modern sites overlap will pose serious challenges for efforts to preserve cultural relics. Archaeologists should conduct investigations before the urban construction planning so that construction may avoid areas where cultural relics are densely concentrated, he said. Liu Qingzhu, a research fellow from the Institute of Archaeology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said archaeological studies also have a great opportunity to recover the developmental history of ancient cities during the process.

 

China exploring multiple benefits of national parks
China began to establish its national park system in 2015 and nine pilot parks have been established since. From Nov. 26 to 27, scholars gathered at the Ecological Civilization and China National Park System Establishment Symposium held in Shanghai to reflect on the national park system in China. Wu Chengzhao, a professor of urban planning from Tongji University, said national parks have synthesized value as well as local and regional importances. The national park system may be more comprehensively understood if put into the framework of the nation’s establishment of an ecological civilization, said Su Yang, a research fellow from the Development Research Center of the State Council, adding that the protection of national parks cannot be fulfilled without relevant planning and platforms. Whether the relationship between national parks and the local community system is properly tackled is vital to the protection of national parks, Su said.