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| 2016-07-28 | Hits:
(Chinese Social Sciences Today)


Exchanges among civilizations needed

Confucius’ dictum “Never impose on others what you would not choose for yourself” should be the rule that all parties abide by in international relations, said Fukuda Yasuo, former prime minister of Japan, in his congratulatory letter to the Exchanges and Mutual Learning among Asian Civilizations Beijing International Symposium co-hosted by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and other institutes and universities in China on July 9. Three core ideas—people-oriented doctrines, harmony, and integration through exchange—were forged through 5,000 years of uninterrupted development of Chinese civilization, demonstrating the ability of the humanistic Chinese civilization to heal and develop by itself, said Zhang Qizhi, honorary president of Northwest University of China. Those ideas also showed the longstanding emphasis in Chinese civilization on exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations, he said.

Urban planning should be in harmony with nature
Ancient China’s Dujiangyan Irrigation system, which has functioned for over 2,000 years, offers a model for harmony between man and the environment, said Xiang Weining, professor from the School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences at East China Normal University, discussing the recent floods in several big southern cities at a symposium dedicated to ecological wisdom and practice held in Shanghai. Although new ideas and new technology have been introduced into modern urban and rural planning, the precious and fragile contract between man and nature has been breached by overwhelming technological supremacy that has affected nature more in the past two centuries than in the preceding thousands of years, Xiang said.


More think tanks engaged in China-related studies
Of all the 50,000 strategy think tanks around the world, 1,200 were engaged in China-related studies, according to a report on global strategy compiled by the National Institute of International Strategy (NIIS) at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences recently released in Beijing. The academy released three books on foreign think tank research concerning the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and the “Belt and Road” initiative, respectively. Standing Deputy-Director of the NIIS, Wang Lingui, said that to some extent, the studies of these think tanks will influence government policies, the media and the public opinion toward China. Zhao Baige, deputy director of the Foreign Affairs Committee at the National People’s Congress, said these books provided a dynamic and systematic introduction to the global economy and a guide for those who are concerned with international markets.



National social service facilities gradually improving
As of the end of 2015, the population of Chinese people aged 60 or older numbered about 222 million, constituting approximately 16 percent of the national population, according to the Gazette of Social Service Development released by the Ministry of Civil Affairs of China on July 11. The gazette also suggests that there were half a million orphans, of which about 90,000 were raised in orphanages while 400,000 were raised through other means. There were about 1.77 million social service institutions and facilities in China in 2015, an increase of about 5.8 percent over the previous year. Those employed in social service-related industries numbered around 13 million, an increase of about 4.6 percent. Spending on social services totaled about 493 billion yuan, through which the government has financed a basic medical insurance program covering 66 million indigent people.